This thematic introduction to classical Islamic philosophy focuses on the most prevalent philosophical debates of the medieval Islamic world and their importance within the history of philosophy. Approaching the topics in a comprehensive and accessible way in this new volume, Luis Xavier Lopez-Farjeat, one of the co-editors of The Routledge Companion to Islamic Philosophy, makes classical Islamic philosophy approachable for both the new and returning student of the history of philosophy, medieval philosophy, the history of ideas, classical Islamic intellectual history, and the history of religion. Providing readers with a complete view of the most hotly contested debates in the Islamic philosophical tradition, Lopez-Farjeat discusses the development of theology (kalām) and philosophy ( falsafa) during the ʿAbbāsid period, including the translation of Aristotle into Arabic, the philosophy and theology of Islamic revelation, logic and philosophy of language, philosophy of natural science, metaphysics, psychology and cognition, and ethics and political philosophy. This volume serves as an indispensable tool for teachers, students, and independent learners aiming to discover the philosophical problems and ideas that defined the classical Islamic world.
• Offers readers a broad, thorough view of the history of Islamic philosophy by using a thematic approach.
• Traces the dialogues between philosophers and theologians about important and controversial topics.
• Offers both historical descriptions of the key debates in classical Islamic philosophy and current interpretations by contemporary scholars.
• Includes extensive lists for further reading at the end of each chapter, directing curious students to the best avenues for further research.
Table of Contents
1. The Context
2. The Configuration of Philosophy in the Islamic milieu: The Translation Movement
3. Theologians and Philosophers on Islamic Revelation
4. Logic, Language and the Classification of the Sciences
5. Philosophy and the Natural Science
6. Metaphysics In the Islamic Philosophical Context
7. Psychology and Theories of Cognition
8. Ethics and Political Philosophy
Luis Xavier López-Farjeat is Tenured Professor at the Faculty of Philosophy at Universidad Panamericana, Mexico. He has written on Classical Islamic Philosophy and is co-editor and co-author of the volume Philosophical Psychology in Arabic Thought and the Latin Aristotelianism of the 13th Century (2013) and of The Routledge Companion to Islamic Philosophy (2016). In 2018, he published Razones, argumentos y creencias. Reflexiones a partir de la filosofía islámica. He is associate director of the Aquinas and ‘The Arabs’ International Working Group and editor of Tópicos, Journal of Philosophy.
“This excellent work provides a comprehensive survey of Islamic philosophical thought. Written in an accessible language, it treats most of the major themes and topics of classical Islamic philosophy.”
Mehdi Aminrazavi, University of Mary Washington
“Whether philosophers who wrote in Arabic and were also Muslim show common features is an appealing question. More important is whether there was an Islamic philosophy in its own right. Lopez-Farjeat has addressed these questions and more. Through a thematic approach he expounds how these philosophers have produced the logic, natural science, psychology, metaphysics, ethics and politics of Muslim philosophy.”
Josep Puig Montada, Complutense University of Madrid