The caliphate of Banu Umayyah (The First Phase), is the best encyclopedia that is originally taken from Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah , written by Ibn Katheer. The book elaborates the whole story of all the empires of Umayyad Dynasty, their intellectual thoughts, their way of ruling, their services for Islam and raise and fall of Umayyad’s and much more.
It starts from the empire of Hadhrat Mu’awiyah bin Abi- Sufyan in the 41st year of Hijrah up to the rule of Caliph Marwan Al-Himar in year 132 of the Hijrah.The Umayyad Caliphate (c. 661-750 CE/41-132 AH) was the second of the four major Islamic caliphates established after Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Although the Umayyad family originally came from the city of Makkah, their capital was Damascus and then Constantinople. At its greatest extent, it covered more than five million square miles (13,000,000 km2), making it one of the largest Muslim empires the world had yet seen, and the seventh largest contiguous empire ever to exist. This book also deals with the Raise and Fall of Umayyad’s, their fight with Abbasids, etc. Furthermore: this is the best book on Umayyad’s.